olive tapenade on bread olive tapenade on bread Israeli Kitchen Tapenade is a dark, rich Mediterranean paste made with olives, anchovies and capers. (Photo: Gts / Shutterstock)

Classic olive tapenade

Love olives? Here’s olive heaven in a bowl.

  • Yield: 1 1/4 cup
  • Prep time: 10 minutes

Behold tapenade, the dark, rich paste that could only have been born under Mediterranean skies. It comes from Provence, where caper bushes sprout from rocky places and outdoor walls all summer long. Long ago, some good cook crushed caper buds preserved in brine with local black olives and anchovies, creating the versatile spread with big, big flavor.

Although the dish is named for capers (tapenas in Provençal), olives are the majority ingredient here. Brightened with garlic, lemon juice and thyme and doused with good olive oil, tapenade is superb just spread on toast as an appetizer or snack. But you can also add a whole dimension of flavor when you incorporate a little of it to pasta, fish, or vegetables.

And a little is all you need – with its assertive presence, a little tapenade goes a long way. It’s easy to make in a food processor, and so much better than anything store-bought. And once you’ve bought your jars of capers, olives and anchovies, you have the makings of fresh tapenade for weeks to come.

While black olives are traditional, some prefer to use green olives. Either way, I recommend going to the trouble of pitting whole olives, because their flavor seems to leak away into the brine when ready-pitted. It takes about five minutes and a sharp knife to free the olives of their pits.

Experiment with different olive varieties. Add more lemon if you like. Some cooks add a quarter-cup blanched almonds or pine nuts to the food processor bowl. Leave the anchovies out, if you dislike them. It may not be traditional, but it’ll still be delicious.


  • 1 cup (200 grams) whole black kalamata olives
  • 3 tablespoons capers
  • 4 anchovy fillets or 2 whole anchovies
  • 1 large garlic clove, mashed
  • 1 teaspoon dried thyme
  • Juice of 1/2 medium lemon
  • 5 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
  • Freshly ground black pepper to taste


Pit the olives.

Rinse the capers in cold water to rid of excess salt; drain thoroughly.

Rinse the anchovy fillets in cold water, twice; drain thoroughly.

Put all ingredients in the food processor. Use the processor’s smaller bowl if there is one.

Process on high speed for 2 minutes, or until you obtain a rough paste.

That’s it!

olive tapenade on breadYou can experiment with different olive varieties for this tapenade. (Photo: Miriam Kresh)

Tips and Notes:

There are many ways to enjoy tapenade besides spreading it on toast. Here are some ideas:

  • Combine a tablespoon or two of tapenade with mayonnaise and stir it into potato salad.
  • Spread toasted baguette slices or pita wedges with creamy goat cheese and top with a film of tapenade.
  • Top pizza dough with tapenade, then plenty of grated mozzarella cheese, then sliced tomatoes brushed with olive oil. Bake.
  • Spread tapenade over your favorite fish and broil it.
  • Toss thin noodles or angel hair pasta with chopped tomatoes quickly fried in olive oil until softened. Add tapenade and chopped, fresh basil; toss again. Pass the grated Parmesan.
  • Put a bowl of tapenade in the center of a platter filled with crudités (fresh vegetable sticks) and let everyone dip in.
  • Combine tapenade with unsalted butter or sour cream to taste. Serve over fresh, hot vegetables like string beans or baked potatoes. Or roll corn on the cob in the tapenade blend.
  • Spread some tapenade thinly on two slices of bread and fill the sandwich with egg salad.
  • Another note: Lacking a food processor, you can crush the ingredients with a mortar and pestle. That’s how they did it in the old days, and it still works. In that case, crush all the solid ingredients first, then slowly add the lemon juice and oil.

Related Topics: Appetizers, Mediterranean, Vegetarian

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